Research: Biometrioc Data

Spring 2023 (Research):

Collecting Biometric Data

Every few months (seasonally) the 21st Century Debate Institution releases a series of debate topics for students to debate at our online (and eventually in-person) events. For the next seasonal event (late April), the topic asks us to consider the desirability of companies being allowed to collect personal information from biometric data. Documents and information contained here are designed to help students prepare for upcoming events. 

The formal topic language is as follows: Collecting Biometric Data is undesirable (or desirable).
Additional Research (Part-02): CLICK HERE.

For more information about the upcoming contests, and how you might participate, please use the “events calendar (see above)”.

[Skills Research Topic] MAR-APR 2023: Collecting Biometric Data

The debate topics for the next Seasonal Event will be the same for most grades: 
Resolved: The United States Federal Government should ban the collection of personal data through biometric recognition technology.

Resolved: The United States Federal Government should ban the collection of personal data through biometric recognition technology.

How much does facial recognition affect everyday life? Whilst facial recognition technology may seem akin to science fiction, it is silently creeping its way into the European policy mainstream. After trialing facial recognition at Berlin-Südkreuz station since 2018, Germany is currently planning to roll out biometric surveillance systems in an additional 134 train stations and 14 airports despite criticism. France relies heavily on facial recognition technologies, with President Macron set to catch up with China and the United States. Italian police also started deploying the Automatic Image Recognition System (SARI) in 2017, targeting not just a few individuals but processing the biometric data of everyone present in spaces monitored for the purpose of identifying certain individuals. Recently, Belgrade (Serbia) installed hundreds of face recognition cameras, creating a permanent surveillance system. Unbeknownst to much of the general public, facial recognition is becoming increasingly common throughout Europe. Luckily, recent legal rulings in some countries have found such facial recognition systems to be unlawful.
Facial Recognition: Pros And Cons (Civil Liberties Union for Europe, August 3, 2021)


Science of Innovation: Biometrics,
NBC News, May 4, 2020 [5 min]

Advanced facial recognition technology | Marios Savvides,
World Economic Forum, February 21, 2018 [5 min]

A Face in the Crowd: Say goodbye to anonymity,
CBS News, May 20, 2013 [13 min]


Facial Recognition Technology: Here Are The Important Pros and Cons,
Forbes Magazine, August 19, 2019 [PDF]

Beijing’s Plan to Control the World’s Data: Out-Google Google,
Newsweek, September 7, 2022 [PDF]

TikTok Has Started Collecting Your ‘Faceprints’ and ‘Voiceprints’,
TIME Magazine, June 14, 2021 [PDF]

White Castle Could Face Multibillion-Dollar Judgment in Illinois Privacy Lawsuit,
US News & World Report, February 17, 2023 [PDF]


The Pros and Cons of Biometrics,
CEO World Magazine, May 9, 2022 [PDF]

Facial Recognition: PROS & CONS of Regulating Biometric Technology,
Congressional Digest, April 2020

The Pros and Cons of Voice Biometrics Technology,
CX Today, June 3, 2021

Pros and Cons of Facial Recognition – Everything You Need to Know,
Tech Research Online, September 2, 2021

Pros and Cons of Facial Recognition – Is it a Blessing or a Curse in Disguise?,
BBN Times, November 02, 2022

Facial Recognition in the Workplace: The Pros and Cons,
Industry Today, February 21, 2023

Advantages & Disadvantages of Facial Recognition,
Environmental Conscience, Last Accessed: March 2023

8 Pros and Cons of Facial Recognition: Impact on Society,
Foundation for the Future dot org, January 26, 2022

7 Biggest Privacy Concerns Around Facial Recognition Technology,
Civil Liberties Union for Europe, October 25, 2022

Facial Recognition: Pros and Cons,
Civil Liberties Union for Europe, August 3, 2021


AI Company Scraped Billions of Photos For Facial Recognition. Regulators Can’t Stop It,
TIME Magazine, May 27, 2022 [PDF]
Note: This will be one of our strongest arguments – regulations won’t work (fines will fail).

Biometrics: definition, use cases, latest news,
The Thales Group, Last Updated: January 27, 2022 [PDF]
Note: This is a comprehensive document explaining nearly everything about the topic.

U.S. Deploys Technology to Track More Than 200,000 Immigrants, Triggering Privacy Lawsuit,
TIME Magazine, April 18, 2022 [PDF]

How Technology and Training Can Stop Human Trafficking in its Tracks,
Newsweek, September 28, 2022 [PDF]

Biometric Data: Massive Security Risk or the Only Way Forward for COVID-19 Safety?,
Annemarie Mannion, Risk and Insurance, August 4, 2020 [PDF]

Eight case studies on regulating biometric technology show us a path forward,
MIT Technology Review, September 4, 2020

The IRS Should Stop Using Facial Recognition,
The Atlantic, January 27, 2022

Racial Discrimination in Face Recognition Technology,
Science in the News, Harvard University, October 24, 2020

Passwords Are Terrible, but Will Biometrics Be Any Better?,
Harvard Business Review, May 11, 2017

Biometrics Won’t Solve Our Data-Security Crisis,
Harvard Business Review, Dec 06, 2017

Tracing the Untraceable: New Technologies Monitor Displaced Persons & History of Population Control,
Harvard International Review, May 24, 2021

Biometric Monitoring, Service Delivery and Misreporting: Evidence from Healthcare in India,
Harvard Business School (Working Paper), October 2019

A Healthy Mistrust: Curbing Biometric Data Misuse in the Workplace,
Prof. Elizabeth A. Brown, Harvard University, Stanford Technology Law Review, 2020

How a New Generation Is Combatting Digital Surveillance,
Princeton University, June 4, 2022

The Challenges of Facial Recognition Technologies,
Stanford University, April 23, 2020

Regulating Facial Recognition Technology in the Private Sector,
Stanford Technology Law Review, 2020

HAI Fellow Michelle Spektor: How the History of Biometrics Informs Its Future,
Stanford University, June 3, 2021

Now You See Me. Now You Still Do: Facial Recognition Technology and the Growing Lack of Privacy,
Prof. Dov Greenbaum, Yale University, Boston University Journal of Science & Technology Law, Winter 2017

Face/Off: The Battle To Authenticate With Biometrics,
Yale Journal of Law and Technology, April 15, 2021

Researchers Warn of Problems Using Mobile Technologies in Public Health Care,
Yale School of Medicine, January 2, 2019

Paying for Privacy and the Personal Data Economy,
Columbia Law Review, October 2017

Technological Self-Incrimination: The Precedent of Biometric Unlocking,
Columbia Undergraduate Law Review, October 31, 2017

Biometric Privacy Law As Applied To Virtual Reality and Immersive Technologies,
Science and Technology Law Review, Columbia University, January 31, 2022

Europe’s Next Steps in Regulating Facial Recognition Technology,
Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, November 7, 2021

The Use of Biometric Data for Personal Identification Purposes,
Science and Technology Law Review, Columbia University, November 13, 2017

Voice Analytics and Artificial Intelligence: Future Directions for a post-COVID world,
Wharton School of Business, UPenn, August 5, 2020

After Equifax, Can Our Data Ever Be Safe?,
Wharton School of Business, UPenn, September 19, 2017

Police surveillance afacialnd  recognition: Why data privacy is imperative for communities of color,

Brookings Institution, April 12, 2022

The enduring risks posed by biometric identification systems,
Brookings Institution, February 9, 2022

Mitigating bias and equity in use of facial recognition technology by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection,
Brookings Institution, July 27, 2022

Mandating fairness and accuracy assessments for law enforcement facial recognition systems,
Brookings Institution, May 26, 2021

What are the proper limits on police use of facial recognition?,
Brookings Institution, June 20, 2019

Facial Recognition Technology Is Getting out of Control,
CATO Institute, March 9, 2020 [PDF]

Giving TSA Facial‐Recognition Software Isn’t Worth a Faster Security Line,
CATO Institute, September 24, 2018

Heritage Expert Testifies to Congress on Facial Recognition Technology,
Heritage Foundation, July 26, 2021

Addressing Legitimate Concerns About Government Use of Facial Recognition Technologies,
Heritage Foundation, October 30, 2020


Bill Eddy, 
714.655.8135 (I prefer text)
When contacting me, please include your name and class information (day/time). Thanks
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